The Side Effects of Caffeine Consumption on Physical and Mental Health
Awareness Health

The Side Effects of Caffeine Consumption on Physical and Mental Health

Caffeine is a stimulant naturally present in beverages such as cocoa, coffee, tea, cola, etc. More than 400 mg of caffeine is found to be dangerous according to research studies. It is known to keep people awake and alert by stimulating the central nervous system, inducing heart rate, muscles, and areas of the brain regulating blood pressure. When people are tired and need to be active to perform their tasks, they consume caffeine. Though not scientifically supported, caffeine is known to increase blood pressure, urine flow, and physical performance in sports and other activities. Individuals who are suffering from headaches after surgery, headaches due to stress, migraines, or memory problems prefer to drink a beverage rich in caffeine to relieve their pain along with taking pain medications. Individuals who are depressed, obese, and have conditions such as asthma, gall bladder disease, or diabetes also tend to consume caffeine in larger amounts.

Students who strive to remember large portions of information before the exam or had to stay up for long hours to complete their assignments or projects lean on consuming caffeine to be mentally alert and improve their short-term memory. But it also causes insomnia, where they get used to staying up and experience difficulty in their sleeping patterns once they get back to their normal routine. Athletes who rely on caffeine to increase their performance might experience a higher heart rate than usual during their practice sessions or actual competitions. This could be dangerous placing them at the risk of heart attacks, chest pain, or shortness of death due to increased blood pressure or heart rate. Compared to the men and women who don’t consume beverages, people who enjoy caffeine for completing their daily tasks might always be on the edge and tend to be nervous, anxious, and restless. They also may feel nauseous all the time whenever they eat something heavy or oily, in combination with drinking coffee, tea, or cola. They believe that it helps in regulating metabolism and digestion, but the opposite is true as it causes irritable bowel syndrome and diarrhea. They lose bladder control too and there will be a constant urge to urinate. Caffeine overdose could cause myocardial infarction and result in sudden death. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding are advised to consume caffeine less. Because they might feel irritable, and experience difficulty sleeping because of increased bowel activity. It is not advised for children to consume caffeine, instead, they are preferably suggested to take nutritious drinks. It is known for increasing the risk of heart conditions, increased blood pressure, and bleeding disorders. Bones get weaker and people develop osteoporosis, and muscles break down easily too. It increases the secretion of adrenaline and thus provides energy to carry out tasks. Caffeine intake in higher amounts could affect mental health by causing mood fluctuations, affective disorders, anxiety disorders, epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, and schizophrenia. Caffeine should not also be consumed while taking other psychoactive drugs and medications as the interactional effect is even more dangerous.

Noting down the number of cups of coffee, tea, or cold beverages one takes in a day could help keep a tab on their caffeine consumption, this can be referred to examine the progress in the caffeine deaddiction process. Those, who are finding it difficult to stop their caffeine consumption abruptly, can reduce it slowly, by reducing the number of caps and the amount of consumption gradually. They can also have some alternate versions such as decaffeinated beverages or herbal teas.

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