The Psychology Behind Risk Taking

The Psychology Behind Risk Taking

The psychology of Risk taking

Risk Taking: The action of taking a risk or putting oneself in danger to accomplish a goal. Example: There is always some risk involved with starting a business. When making decisions in uncertain settings when the likelihood of both positive and bad outcomes is known, risk-taking (RT) is a necessary step in the process.

Individual Differences in the Perception of Benefits and Risks
1. Locus of Control:

According to Rotter (1966), locus of control reveals how much a person believes that circumstances are either within their control (internal control) or outside their power (external control), such as fate or other people. Five components were found by Marsh and Richards (1986) to make up Rotter’s locus of control scale: General luck pertains to the belief that one’s life path is determined by luck or chance; Political control denotes low hopes of influencing political institutions and international affairs;

Read: Is Taking Risks Important?

Personal initiative refers to the belief that one’s work and personal circumstances are influenced by external factors rather than one’s efforts; Interpersonal control denotes the limited control one has over other individuals; and Academic situation pertains to how external factors are attributed to having an impact on their academic performance. Numerous research studies have looked into the relationship between locus of control and RT, however, given the kind of situations they looked at, it appears that earlier studies came to different results.

2. Emotional Regulation:

The management of emotions is known as emotion regulation (Gross, 2002). It can affect three aspects of response theory (RT) that entail distinct deliberative vs automatic strategies: breaking a risky behaviour, considering an action before taking it and selecting between two options. Two techniques for applying emotion management are expressive suppression and cognitive reappraisal. A technique known as “cognitive reappraisal,” which is antecedent-focused, entails reinterpreting a circumstance to lessen or alter its emotional impact. It enables people to emotionally remove themselves from circumstances. These findings imply that the context of decision-making has a significant impact on the relationship between emotion management techniques and RT.

3. Executive Control:

Executive control affects perception, resolution of conflicts, and retention procedures, it plays a significant role in decision-making. Adolescents and young adults have been the subject of much research on the relationship between executive control and RT because they typically exhibit lower levels of cognitive control, especially in contexts where rewards are desired or easily accessible. Working memory, cognitive flexibility, and inhibition make up executive control. Cognitive flexibility is the capacity to modify viewpoints in response to the ever-shifting needs of a given circumstance.

Individual Differences in Risk Proneness:

PERSONALITY: The big five-factor model

  • Openness to experiences
  • Consciousness
  • Extroversion
  • Agreeableness
  • Neuroticism

Here are the Tips for Taking Better Risks :

  • Create a method for evaluating risk. Making a list of all the benefits and drawbacks is a good place to start when considering a significant risk.
  • Get over your fear of failing.
  • Consider the benefits of change.
  • Seek opportunities to assume more risk.
  • Ask those who take calculated risks for advice.

Read: How to help a friend in a Mental health crisis?

Taking Risks that pay off
  1. You’ll have a feeling of achievement. Taking a chance can be thrilling, even if it doesn’t turn out as planned. It may feel daunting at first. You have shown guts and courage, and that pleases you.
  1. Delete previous tales. We occasionally acquire unhelpful views or presumptions as children about who we are and how the world operates. As we settle into our careers, we frequently cease challenging these presumptions, although they can still be in charge. Taking chances can assist you in gathering proof to refute outdated myths that might no longer be helpful to you. Letting go of those negative thoughts can be quite liberating, even if you wouldn’t alter a thing about your life.
  1. You’ll have greater self-awareness. What hobbies do you have? What brings you joy? Which values do you hold? What would you do if you were at a hotel at three in the morning, you didn’t know the language, and they didn’t have your reservation? Well, the last one was a little more detailed. However, taking chances presents both major and small problems. You gain more insight into your identity and the motivations behind your actions as you gain new experiences. You have an opportunity to progress and amaze yourself with new tasks.
  1. Boosts self-assurance. You’ll grow more confident in your capacity to manage changing conditions with every new challenge and danger. You will become a more self-assured, adaptable person and an improved leader as a result. Having more validated experience might also help you make better decisions and increase your confidence.
  1. Creates fresh possibilities. Taking a risk and stepping outside of your comfort zone can open up a world of new options for you personally and professionally. You may find yourself starting your own company or setting new standards for your sector.
  1. Increases resiliency. Taking chances can also teach you how to deal with failures and negative results, which will increase your resilience in the face of difficulty. You’ll get better at identifying several paths to accomplishment and realize that you can succeed no matter what.
  1. Not a regret. Finally, even though they don’t always turn out well, measured risks are frequently worthwhile to take. We would never have known what may have been if we hadn’t taken them. Those who take risks tend to be happier and more content with their life than those who don’t.

Taking a chance is wise since it can catalyze amazing progress. The majority of the time, the drawbacks of taking risks can also be lessened by exercising moderation. You can do better at work if you can learn to take personal risks. Businesses of all sizes must be able to take on new challenges, grow, and remain flexible to expand.

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