Even though prior to the pandemic, scientific studies have demonstrated the advantages of remote work, such as an increase in worker morale, health and well-being, and productivity. The study made the assumption that telecommuting was an option rather than a requirement and that companies provided options for employees to choose between working from home and going into the office.
This setup promoted a great deal of self-sorting among employees, who tended to choose the option that most matched their personalities and individual circumstances (such as commuting time, location, physical space, and requirement for in-person meetings).
Given the sudden and involuntary nature of these changes, there are cause for concern, or at the very least, reasonable grounds to believe that extended periods of remote work will have unpleasant effects.
Separation And Isolation
It’s true that social isolation exists. Several workers run the risk of feeling alone when companies don’t provide the appropriate support systems and cultivate a culture of online communication and connection. To make the switch from analog to Zoom management, not all managers are prepared. The crisis might exacerbate already-existing disparities, which would be especially harmful to Indigenous peoples and women.
Depression and Fear
Anxiety is brought on by uncertainty. Despite all the talk about being flexible, agile, accepting uncertainty, and living in an uncertain, complex, and ambiguous world, the majority of people are hardwired to prefer predictable environments that are boring.
- Even ourselves can be tricked into thinking something is more certain than it really is.
- Because we are motivated by our search for meaning, we feel unsafe around people with whom we are unfamiliar.
- When we are unable to plan, we feel uneasy and helpless.
According to all of this, working remotely in combination with the potential for long-term remote work presents greater challenges than working remotely alone.
We don’t know what it indicates for our whole life plans and lifestyle, so we can’t make critical logistical decisions like where to live, what to expect for our permanent career opportunities and employability, or how to manage our private as well as interpersonal relationships.
Stress and anxiety
Long work hours and employee burnout can have a detrimental effect on interpersonal relationships and the quality of work, which can then have an effect on mental and psychological well-being.
Emotional exhaustion and burnout symptoms are more common as a result of attitudes, perceptions, and experiences related to remote work (Crippa et al., 2021; Oksanen et al., 2021b; Van Zoonen et al., 2021; Zhang et al., 2021). These factors have a detrimental effect on work-life balance.
Those who had always worked from home had to make accommodations for those who were compelled to quit their jobs entirely or convert to virtual work. The ability of people to transition to remote work has also been significantly divided depending on whether or not they are parents.
No Substitute for face to face
Fourth, we cannot just jump on the evolutionary bandwagon and substitute virtual or technologically mediated communications for millions of years of face-to-face interaction. If Zoom and related technologies have enabled us to replicate some aspects of in-person interactions, then this is largely due to technological advancements as well as the creative potential of people. It’s interesting to note that the majority of the technology we use—and maybe even appreciate—is meant to simulate actual experiences.
More productivity and flexibility
People value flexibility above all else. A global ManpowerGroup report observed that the talent pool was moving toward more individualized and customized work. Making everyone work remotely is incompatible with this, especially when it conflicts with personal and family schedules. As a result, companies will soon be able to set themselves apart by providing options.
Because of its many benefits, up to 37% of workers were utilizing remote work even before the current pandemic. Large-scale data sets and scholarly research have long established the main benefits of working remotely. These advantages include reduced costs and lost time, as well as improved productivity and work-life balance. Because working remotely relieves traffic congestion, it is better for the environment. Additionally, it is our hope that the large virtual reset will force businesses to improve their performance metrics, tidy up internal politics, and promote an organization that values merit and a talent-focused employee culture.
Help in balancing emotions
In terms of workload management, the remote work environment and organizational factors can help to reduce emotional exhaustion and job burnout (Kniffin et al., 2021; Liberati et al., 2021; Spagnoli et al., 2021; Trombello et al., 2022).
Long-term remote work has been linked to low levels of professional accomplishment, high employee turnover, burnout, emotional exhaustion, and psychological strain. An increase in psychological distress, social helplessness, professional isolation, intention to leave, occupational stress, and job burnout were caused by additional tasks completed by remote workers.
Working remotely and feeling worn out from lack of sleep can lead to poorer productivity as well as long-term mental health issues. According to Dionisi et al. (2021), Rapp et al, and Upadhyaya et al. (2021), job burnout, remote work stress, and an increase in workload have an impact on occupational well-being and professional engagement related to COVID-19. Employee mental health was negatively impacted by perceived stress and burnout, which decreased their effectiveness at work.
How to overcome this challenge
Balance of professional and personal needs:
To keep work obligations and personal obligations apart, it’s critical to designate a specific workspace within your house and set up precise working hours. To ensure you have enough time for rest and recuperation, try to avoid working during these times.
Move more throughout your everyday schedule. Even something as easy as standing up and stretching once an hour can help with this. Other ideas include taking a quick morning workout or lunchtime walk.
Try to stay connected to friends and coworkers on a regular basis to combat isolation. One can lessen feelings of loneliness and sustain social connections by holding virtual meetings, chats, or even in-person meet-ups.
Support and assistance:
Don’t be afraid to get professional assistance if anxiety, depression, or burnout are taking over your life. Experts in mental health can offer you effective management techniques and therapies for your mental health. It’s critical to keep in mind that mental health is important as we negotiate the challenges of long-term remote work. We can support the development of a safe and effective remote work environment by being aware of the possible effects and taking action to reduce them. Keep in mind that you’re not alone on this journey, so it’s acceptable to ask for assistance if you need it.
Uncertain work-life balance and elevated perceived stress were caused by a lack of training in remote work, being inexperienced with technology, having duties based on one’s position within the company, and putting in extra hours. Social identity continuity reduced feelings of loneliness at work and increased job satisfaction. Productivity losses in remote workplaces were influenced by negative attitudes and behaviors as well as low levels of professional motivation and engagement.
Subsequent analyses should focus on how remote work time and stress management by use of burnout assessment tools result in coherent workplace behaviors and processes meeting organizational expectations and reducing emotional stress and work pressure.