Birth Order Theory: How Birth Order Affects Your Personality

Birth Order Theory: How Birth Order Affects Your Personality


Birth order refers back to the order a toddler is born when it comes to their siblings, including whether they are first-born, center-born, or final-born. Psychologists frequently look at how beginning order can affect improvement, behaviour patterns, and character traits, and there may be some proof that birth order would possibly play a function in certain factors of personality.

Read More: Human Psychology Theories on Personality Development

Factors Influencing Personality Traits 

  • Biological: Children generally tend to inherit many developments and capabilities from their dad and mom. These can encompass intelligence, courage, and bodily traits. 
  • Social: By interacting with others in a social circle, children study behaviours and concept styles through modelling. 
  • Cultural: A baby growing up within a culture consciously or unconsciously can adopt cultural ideas, thoughts, and norms. 
  • Physical Environment: A person’s surroundings often affect the development of personality. For example, the personalities of those developing up in a rural vicinity may range from the ones living in city surroundings. 
  • Situational: As a child grows up, they face exclusive situations, which may additionally help them adapt and change their persona. These conditions could include assembling new buddies, experiencing trauma, or welcoming a brand-new sibling. 

What Is Adler’s Birth Order Theory? 

Alfred Adler, an Austrian psychiatrist, advanced the birth order idea in the early 1900s which stated that the birth order may impact the development and personality of an individual. Adler, the founder of individual psychology, was closely inspired by the means of psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. Adler’s theory suggested that firstborns were more likely to have a strong sense of responsibility, middleborns a desire for interest, and lastborns a sense of adventure. 

However, it’s important to know that Adler’s theories are not universally standard, and someone’s place in their circle of relatives tree does not continually dictate their personality development. Everyone is unique and ought to be treated as such. Each individual has strengths and weaknesses unbiased of their birth order. 

Read More: 9 Poor Habits that Children Inherit from Their Parents

Firstborn Child Personality 

According to the Adlerian birth order concept, firstborn kids enjoy getting more attention given to them earlier than their younger siblings are born. But your role of power is taken away while the subsequent child is born. The eldest sibling has excessive expectations placed upon them as they’re predicted to set a great example for their siblings. Adlerian principle states that firstborn youngsters tend to be authoritarian and feel entitled to authority. They locate themselves in leadership positions as adults. Research also indicates that firstborns may additionally have barely better intelligence than their younger siblings.

Read More: Single Child Or Siblings: What Do You Prefer?

According to this principle, developments of the firstborn or oldest baby include: 

  • Responsible 
  • Mature 
  • Reliable 
  • Leaders 
  • Controlling 
  • Cautious 
Middle Child Personality 

According to Adler, centre children regularly feel squeezed between their older and more youthful siblings. They experience like they’ve been robbed of any role of significance in the circle of relatives. Middle children can become competitive or rebellious. But they also can be even-tempered, being capable of compromise between family individuals. 

Personality traits may include: 

Youngest child personality 

The youngest toddler is the “baby” of the circle of relatives, and this function is by no means taken away from them. As a result, the youngest baby can emerge as spoiled by the dad and mom and older siblings inside the circle of relatives. This can result in the youngest children trying to end up “larger” in place of being the perpetual toddler. They might also make huge plans for their lives that don’t pan out. 

The youngest child may additionally have the following character developments: 

  • Fun-loving 
  • Outgoing 
  • Self-focused 
  • Risk-taking 
  • Charming 
  • Immature 

Only child Personality 

Adlerian principle indicates that only children experience an entire interest from each dad and mom, which can cause them to be spoiled just like the youngest children. They frequently don’t need to share their parents with siblings, so they will have issues sharing interests and assets as they age. Since they develop up with adults and no peer siblings, they’ll appear mature for their age and talk and act like “little adults.” 

Other personality traits can be: 

  • Perfectionists 
  • Diligent 
  • Conscientious 
  • High-achieving 
  • Imaginative 
  • Self-reliant 
  • Sensitive

Adler believed that there are 4 types of birth order positions. The oldest child is replaced by the younger child, which could either lead to insecurity or responsibility. A middle child has an older sibling to model his conduct after, which may lead to either healthy ambition or rebellious behaviour. The younger child is normally showered in interest, which can lead undoubtedly to confidence or emerge as spoiled inside the poor and confident in the positive

The only children also get interest from both the parents but they appear to be mature for their age. Birth order does play a very important role in the tendencies and effects on a person’s personality. A family’s size, monetary status, culture and traditions are also contributing factors to recall. A baby’s gender and mood play a role in the birth order and the effects on the persona.

They may additionally percentage many trends and might exhibit some of the same personality traits. The dad and mom position also performs a completely massive part of their children’s character characteristics due to the start order of the child. Alfred Alders’ theories on the start order and impact on personality have shown the unique characteristics that increase in the most effective child, the first-born, the middle child and the closing born. 

References +
  • What is Adler’s birth order theory? Cherry,K. (January 22, 2024) 968 
  • Factors influencing personality traits? ur-personality/ 
  • First child, middle child, youngest child, only child personalities? Marais,D,S. (October 11, 2022)

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