10 Job Roles in the Field of Psychology

10 Job Roles in the Field of Psychology


“The scientific study of the human mind and its behaviour is known as psychology. It is an essential professional activity along with a flourishing academic field.” As per the British Psychological Society.

The statement above makes clear that one of the key benefits of psychology is its ability to help us comprehend and explain human behaviour. It is an academic field that aims to comprehend human thought, emotion, and behaviour as well as how humans are influenced by biology, culture, and the environment. Therefore, psychology is crucial since it aids in our understanding of both ourselves and other people.

Additionally, psychology relates to a wide range of real-world issues and circumstances. Psychology, for instance, can assist us in comprehending why certain individuals are more predisposed to anxiety or sadness, or why certain individuals are more inclined to participate in dangerous or counterproductive behaviours.

Read More: A Beginner’s Guide to Psychology

Why is Psychology Important?

Psychology is significant because it helps us identify and address issues related to mental health. Mental health conditions such as substance addiction, depression, and anxiety can have a substantial impact on an individual’s overall welfare and quality of life. Studying psychology may help us get more knowledge about the causes of mental health problems as well as efficient management and treatment techniques. As an illustration, cognitive-behavioural therapy is a popular psychologically based therapeutic method that has proven successful in treating a range of mental health conditions.

Top 10 Job Roles in Psychology

1. School Psychology

One of the main duties of school Psychologists involves offering psychological services to assist students in their academic, social, behavioural, and emotional development. Some work with young people, such as freshmen in college, while the majority deal with K–12 pupils and their families. Additionally, they work to provide a welcoming and supportive learning atmosphere for the entire school. Professionals in this field of psychology will probably require a master’s degree in addition to fulfilling state-specific licensing requirements.

2. Clinical Psychology

This specialization, according to the American Psychological Association, aims to address behavioural and mental health issues in individuals of all ages from a variety of socioeconomic, ethnic, and cultural backgrounds. Clinical psychologists provide assessment, direction, and assistance to individuals managing cognitive, affective, psychological, social, and behavioural maladjustment concerns. They assist people who struggle with eating disorders, substance abuse disorders, anxiety, despair, and even serious psychopathology.

While master-qualified applicants can work in some clinical psychology job sectors, most will need a doctorate. Due to the wide range of services that clinical psychologists offer, they can work in a variety of settings, including mental health facilities and hospitals, and facilities for government and commercial entities, including military units, police forces, and schools.

3. Child psychologist

A specialist in clinical child psychology assists in providing psychological treatments to newborns, toddlers, kids, and teenagers. Experts in this field evaluate and manage a variety of medical, psychological, and social issues that young patients face.

Emotional and developmental issues can sometimes be the cause of children’s difficulties. On other occasions, a youngster may be hindered by health-related issues. Clinical child psychologists, who usually possess a doctorate, are educated to recognize the special requirements of the child and assist them in overcoming obstacles in their way.

Trauma and bereavement, for example, have a powerful hold on young patients. Professional child psychologists, who usually hold a doctorate, have training in understanding the special requirements of our youth and assisting them in overcoming obstacles that stand in their way.

4. Health Psychologist

Practitioners in this area of psychology are skilled in addressing how social, cultural, and biological aspects interact and how they may affect an individual’s well-being. Clinical health psychologists can assist patients with issues like managing their weight, discomfort, tobacco use and adjusting to long-term medical conditions. Psychologists in this area should be prepared to assist anybody who “has a disease that could be prevented, treated, or rehabilitated through the use of psychological techniques or procedures,” according to the American Psychological Association.

The majority of health psychologists are employed in hospitals or clinics. Positions can also be found at non-profit organizations, multi-national companies, universities, government sectors and private research facilities.

5. Clinical neuropsychologist

Clinical neuropsychology is one of the more specialized areas of psychology that focuses on the study of how the central nervous system affects behaviour in people. These specialists assist people with neurobehavioral disorders. This can include ailments including learning difficulties, traumatic brain traumas, Parkinson’s disease, dementia, and seizure disorders.

Clinical neuropsychologists are required to keep up-to-date information on neurological illnesses, brain development, neuroscientific concepts, neurodiagnostic methods, and behavioural symptoms of neurological disorders. Owing to the specialist nature of this position, pursuing a career in psychology often requires both a doctorate and some postdoctoral study.

6. Marriage and family psychologist

The feelings, ideas, and actions of individuals, couples, and families—both in connection to one another and their larger environments—are the main areas of attention for marriage and family therapists. As a result, this position requires specific expertise in systemic relational structures.
These psychologists often handle a broad spectrum of psychological issues.

A few of these include drug and alcohol misuse, teenager behaviour problems, depression, parent-child disputes, developmental difficulties, physical or sexual abuse, health problems, and more. Doctor of Psychology (Psy.D.) or Ph.D. holders are preferred for some marital and family psychology roles. However, courses like a Master’s in Marriage and Family Therapy can assist candidates in fulfilling the requirements for 39 different states’ licenses.

7. Forensic psychology

Forensic psychology is a unique field of psychology that seeks to give psychological knowledge to the legal and judicial systems. According to the American Psychological Association, this entails offering services to the legal and clinical-forensic populations.

These psychologists who specialize in clinical-forensic psychology deal with and evaluate people who seem to have mental health issues or exhibit other traits that could influence court judgments. Those engaged in criminal or delinquent actions as well as civil lawsuits are included in this. Assisting courts, insurers, employers, and attorneys with their casework is part of working with legal experts.

Read more: Forensic Psychology vs Criminal Psychology

Forensic psychologists need to hold a PhD, much as professionals in many other psychology-related professions. These positions are usually found at legal companies, police stations, and courtrooms. As they can also find employment with prisons, jails and juvenile detention centres.

8. Rehabilitation psychologist

Rehabilitation psychologists will probably assist people who have been disabled as a result of a disease or injury on their road to recovery. Doctorate-holding experts in cognitive, functional, and emotional assessment and treatment. Rehabilitation psychologists work to increase the level of independence that persons with impairments can attain.

Working with individuals impacted by traumatic brain injury, stroke, spinal cord injury, limb loss, chronic pain, multiple sclerosis, and other conditions is possible in this speciality of psychology. Rehabilitation psychologists also provide services to the relatives and caregivers of people with impairments.

9. Addiction Psychology

These professionals look into the social, psychological, and biological facets of addiction science. They commonly treat those who battle with drug usage in addition to patients with behavioral problems including addictions to gambling, shopping, or sex.

A thorough understanding of the biophysical components of addiction is necessary for employment in this area of psychology. A PhD degree is not enough for addiction psychologists; they also need specialized training and knowledge in evidence-based addiction prevention and treatment methodologies.

 10. Sports Psychology

The job of a sports psychologist isn’t always fun. Because athletes are often under a significant degree of stress, they must utilize their knowledge to preserve athletes’ health and performance. Both on your own and in a group. These experts also address systemic problems related to sports environments and organizations, as well as the social and developmental elements of playing sports.

Sports psychologists collaborate in a variety of contexts with players, parents, coaches, and administrators. Training in cognitive and behavioural skills, treatments and counselling, as well as consulting and training, are among the services offered. Working in this discipline of psychology requires a doctorate and license, according to the American Psychological Association.

In conclusion, there are many different high-paying career opportunities in psychology in India. In this expanding discipline of psychology, there is a place for aspirants in academia, healthcare, sports, and defence. These positions have the chance to have a big influence on people and society as they emphasize mental health and well-being.

References +
  • https://www.upgrad.com/blog/highest-paying-jobs-psychology-india/
  • https://www.payscale.com/research/IN/Job=Psychiatrist/Salary

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