Marengo Asia Hospital in Gurugram, Haryana performed the first-of-a-kind surgery for schizophrenia. The operation is considered a significant step in Psychosurgery for India. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a type of medical procedure performed to treat symptoms of neurological disorders such as dementia, epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, etc. This method utilizes putting electrodes in certain parts of the brain, which monitors the brain’s electrical activity to look for abnormality.
Prevalence of schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is a form of mental disorder that causes disruptions in a person’s thoughts, feelings, perceptions, and behaviors. It usually starts in late adolescence or early adulthood, but it can happen at any age. The condition affects men and women equally, affecting about 1% of the world’s population. It is a complex and difficult mental condition that affects millions of people around the world. Only 14 people with schizophrenia have had this kind of surgery thus far, according to medical records.
The patient who had received the treatment for Schizophrenia was a 28-year-old male. The patient’s presenting problems, such as hallucinations, anxiety, and delusions, exhibited a 50–60% reduction, according to the senior neurosurgeon. The operation has a duration of 8 to 10 hours. Since DBS tracks the brain’s wave pattern, time is thought to aid in his condition’s improvement.
The patient is a citizen of Africa and is suffering from the disorder since 13 years of age. He reportedly used to be paranoid about meeting people and going as well and has avoided going outside for the past 8 years. He completely disrupted his normal life to the point where he would lock himself in a room, which impacted his social life and academic career.
The patient has claimed remarkable improvement following DBS despite undergoing pharmacological treatment for the previous 15 years, which was not effective in his situation. He has progressed to the point where he is currently heading towards enjoying a normal life. And upon receiving this treatment he was willing to go outside and meet people as well.
Psychosurgery: An innovative approach in medical science
Psychosurgery is a new and growing field of surgery that has proven beneficial for the treatment of schizophrenia where medicines didn’t work. Early diagnosis by medical professionals can usually result in effective treatment for schizophrenia using a mix of medication, psychotherapy, and other therapies. The patient’s body might, however, oppose the treatment in some circumstances. The body of the patient may, however, occasionally oppose the treatment. The treatment of schizophrenia may change as a result of this unique discovery, according to doctors. After receiving approval in line with the Mental Health Act of 2017, the mental health review board of India used this DBS procedure.